Celebration Language Institute
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Eight Parts of the English Language

Eight Parts of the English Language

Eight Parts of the English Language

One of the reasons that English is so difficult to learn is that you can use eight different parts in a sentence. Learning the different names for these parts and common examples may help you get a better grip of the English language.  


Nouns are the names of people, places or things. When they identify a particular place, like Celebration Learning Institute, or a specific person, like President Trump, then, you should always capitalize them. When they are more general, however, you do not capitalize them.  


Verbs tell the action that is happening in the sentence. Verbs can be singular or plural. Usually, if your sentence has more than one noun, then you need a plural verb. Many singular verbs end in s while the plural does not. You can sometimes combine them with one of 23 helping verbs. You can sing a song about all of the helping verbs to the tune of Jingle Bells. The words are, “Helping verbs, helping verbs, there are 23! Am, is, are, was and were, being, been, and be, Have, has, had, do, does, did, will, would, shall and should. There are five more helping verbs: may, might, must, can, could!”


Pronouns are words used in place of nouns or to show the procession of a noun. They can be singular or plural. You can use them when repeating the noun would be repetitive. I, she, he, we, they, you and it are typical examples of pronouns used in the English language.  


Adjectives modify the noun in the sentence. They usually come right before a noun. They often answer questions, like which one, how many or what kind.  


An adverb describes another word in the sentence. The other word can be a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs usually answer questions, like when, where, how, why, under what conditions, or to what degree.


A preposition is a word or phrase placed in the sentence to modify other words in the sentence. A preposition always comes before the subject of the sentence. There may be adjectives and adverbs between the preposition and the subject of the sentence.  


The job of a conjunction is to join together different parts of the sentence. You can remember some of the most common conjunctions with the word fanboys. Each letter fanboys stands for a common conjunction, for, and, but, or, yet, so.   


Interjections are strong words used to show emotions. An exclamation point often follows them.  

The phrase, “The dedicated student brought me a very long blog post from her English class in Orlando, and she insisted we go over it together. Oh my!” contains each of the eight different types of parts of the English language. Can you identify them? Ask your teacher if you are right when you sign up for an English class in Orlando.


Written by Lauren Yagla
Sept. 5, 2019